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Category Archive: знаменитые люди

St. Patrick’s Day — March 17

St. Patrick's Day - March 17

St. Patrick’s Day — March 17


St. Patrick, Patron saint of Ireland, was a real man who was born around A.D. 389 and probably died in 461. St. Patrick wasn’t Irish by birth. He was born and raised in England until he was a teenager. In those days England was part of the Roman Empire. The Romans had converted people to Christianity and taught many of them how to read and write. But the Romans had not conquered Ireland and when Patrick was sixteen, he was captured by raiders from Ireland who took him there and sold him into slavery.
Ireland was inhabited by small tribes of people who couldn’t read or write and who practiced an ancient form of religion under leaders called Druids. Patrick escaped from Ireland, but he vowed to return. He studied in European monasteries and after several years was sent back to Ireland as a bishop. There he spent the rest of his life teaching the people of Ireland to read and write while converting them to Christianity.
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Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King

Martin Luther King


Martin Luther King was a Baptist minister and a student of the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. He is the only black American whose birthday is a national holiday. It’s celebrated on the third Monday of January each year.
Before the Civil War (1861-1865), most black people in the USA were slaves, with no rights. In 1868 they got the right to vote. But in the Southern states there was still ‘segregation’ (separate schools, parks, restaurants, toilets for whites and blacks). In 1954 segregation in schools became illegal, but it still existed in other public places.
An African American woman named Rosa Parks was arrested on December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, because she refused to give up her seat on a bus to a white man. Black residents of the city were outraged. Martin Luther King was chosen to lead the protests that became known as the Montgomery bus boycott. King persuaded the black citizens to protest peacefully.
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Jack London – English novelist

Jack London

Jack London


The novelist and short-story writer Jack London (1876-1916) was, in his lifetime, one of the most popular authors in the world. After World War I his fame was eclipsed in the United States by a new generation of writers, but he remained popular in many other countries, especially in the Soviet Union, for his romantic tales of adventure mixed with elemental struggles for survival.
John Griffith London was born in San Francisco on Jan. 12, 1876. His family was poor, and he was forced to go to work early in life to support himself. At 17 he sailed to Japan and Siberia on a seal-hunting voyage. He was largely self-taught, reading voluminously in libraries and spending a year at the University of California. In the late 1890s he joined the gold rush to the Klondike. This experience gave him material for his first book, ‘The Son of Wolf’, published in 1900, and for ‘Call of the Wild’ (1903), one of his most popular stories.
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Mark Twain and his quotes

Mark Twain and his quotes

Mark Twain

His is real name was Samuel Clemens, but he is better known by his pen name, Mark Twain. One of the important figures in American literary history, Twain holds a unique position in American literature. He was not only a great writer; he was also a famous humorist, a brilliant journalist, and a novelist who used laughter to fight against the tyrannies that seek to take away man’s freedom.
Его настоящее имя Сэмюэл Клеменс, но он более известен под псевдонимом Марк Твен. Одна из важных фигур в американской истории литературы, Марк Твен занимает уникальное положение в американской литературе. Он был не только великим писателем; он был также известным юмористом, блестящим журналистом, и писателем, который использовал смех в борьбе против тиранов, которые стремятся отнять свободу человека.
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The talking leaves

cherokee Sequoyah the talking leaves

Sequoyah

A long time ago there lived a Cherokee boy named Sequoyah. He was not as tall as his friends, and he was lame. Yet this small boy grew up to be the greatest Cherokee of them all. For it was Sequoyah who solved the mystery of the talking leaves.
Sequoyah was born about 1773. No one knows for sure just which year it was. In those days the Indians did not have a written language. Sequoyah’s mother was the daughter of a great Cherokee chief. His father was a white man named Nathaniel Gist. Nathaniel left the Cherokees soon after Sequoyah was born. He had to go back to his own people. But Sequoyah and his mother stayed with the tribe. That was the custom.
When Sequoyah grew up, he got interested in the white people’s language. The white people used paper for writing. Sequoyah thought that paper looked like large white leaves. The “leaves”: were covered with many black marks. Sequoyah watched the people as they looked at their “leaves”. To Sequoyah it seemed as though the little marks written on the paper were talking to people.
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Bill Gates

Bill Gates

Bill Gates

Everyone has heard his name. Bill Gates is the icon of American business and the richest man in the world.
He and his friend started their business in 1975. Now Microsoft has become the world’s largest computer software company. Although the US government has broken it up, experts say it will remain successful.
Bill Gates was born on October 28, 1955, in Seattle, USA. His home town was once famous for producing Boeing aircraft, but now it is better known as the home of Microsoft. Bill inherited a good business sense and a quick mind from his parents. His father is a lawyer. His mother was a teacher and then worked as a company director.
At school Bill’s favourite subjects were Maths and Science. At 13 he and his friend Paul Allen got interested in computers. They spent all their time writing programmes and learning about computers instead of doing their homework.
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The Royal Family

Royal Family

Royal Family

Britain has always had kings or queens for more than a thousand years. Kings had great power and they really made history. They started wars, made laws, and did things in their own way. But more and more power went to Parliament.

A job for life
Elizabeth II calls the Windsor family a “Firm”. She thinks of it as a business rather than a family. And the main business of the royal family is… well, probably being royal. And they are paid for it. The Queen is one of the richest women in the world. There are hundreds of traditional ceremonies which the Queen has to keep. Each year, in September or October, there is the State Opening of Parliament. The Queen, wearing her crown, arrives at the Houses of Parliament by carriage. There she reads the Queen’s Speech, which discusses the government’s work for the next year.
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