Ice cream maker, Toaster
Биболетова 10 класс перевод текста (“Enjoy English”, Unit 3, Section 2, ex. 54, 55, page 103)
Ex. 54 Look at the pictures and label the parts of these inventions. Use the words from the boxes below.
Ice cream maker (мороженица, аппарат для приготовления мороженного):
1 handle (ручка)
2 lid (крышка)
3 blade (лезвие)
4 aluminium cylinder (алюминиевый цилиндр)
1 selector switch (переключатель)
2 timer (таймер)
3 plug (штекер)
4 crumb tray (поддон для крошек)
Биболетова 10 класс перевод текста (“Enjoy English”, Unit 3, Section 2, ex. 51, 52, page 102)
Ex. 51 Change these verbs to nouns and write them down. Use your Workbook.
inform – information (информация), excite – excitement (волнение), improve – improvement (улучшение), imagine – imagination (воображение), manage – management (управление), employ – employment (занятость, трудоустройство), investigate – investigation (расследование), disappoint – disappointment (разочарование), state – statement (заявление, утверждение), explain – explanation (объяснение), collect – collection (коллекция), permit – permission (разрешение), enlarge – enlargement (расширение), punish – punishment (наказание), suggest – suggestion (предложение), measure – measurement (измерение, замер), move – movement (движение), hesitate – hesitation (колебание), govern – government (правительство), create – creation (создание), entertain – entertainment (развлечение), direct – direction (направление), settle – settlement (поселение), arrange – arrangement (договоренность, соглашение), invite – invitation (приглашение), expect – expectation (ожидание), examine – examination (экзамен, экспертиза).
Ex. 46 Read the texts and check your guesses.
We are a technological civilisation and culture. Technology has been with humans from the first use of a stone as a tool and it is impossible to separate technology from our life now. This tool use has since developed to an advanced state, where our human culture is dependent upon the technology that surrounds it. Here are some inventions to consider:
According to legend, the wife of Emperor Huangdi developed silk as an industry about 4,700 years ago. Her name was Xilingshi, and she may be the first ever recorded female inventor. People did not bring silkworms to the West until 550 AD as it was a Chinese secret guarded with the threat of death. Eventually two monks smuggled out eggs and mulberry seeds in hollow bamboo canes. China still produces more silk than any other country.
Биболетова 10 класс перевод текста (“Enjoy English”, Unit 3, Section 1, ex. 36, 37, 38, page 97-98)
Ex. 36 Do the quiz: What do you know about the Mayan civilisation?
1. The Maya were ancient people of
a) Australia b) America c) Asia
2. The Mayan civilisation is considered to have been
a) advanced b) primitive c) strange
3. The Mayan civilisation reached its peak in
a) the 1st century BC b) the 19th century c) 800 AD
4. At its peak the Mayan civilization consisted of
a) 13 million people b) 1,3 million people c) 130 thousand people
5. At the peak of its development the Mayan civilization
a) invented the wheel b) moved to another place c) disappeared
6. The reason for the downfall of Mayan civilisation was
a) climate change b) the war with another civilization c) an unknown fact
Биболетова 10 класс перевод текста (“Enjoy English”, Unit 3, Section 1, ex. 22, 24, page 93-94)
Ex. 22 Listen to the radio programme about an archaeological discovery and answer the questions. Fill in the table while you are listening. Use your Workbook.
1 What kind of discovery did the archaeologists make?
They found skeletons of a hobbit-like species of human, or tiny humans.
2 What were the creatures called? Why?
They called them “hobbits’,’ after the tiny creatures from the Lord of the Rings books.
Learning from the past.
Биболетова 10 класс перевод текста (“Enjoy English”, Unit 3, Section 1, ex. 5-6, page 87-88)
Ex.5 New evidence found by Russian archaeologists suggests that humans may have lived in the rugged lands of Artic Siberia much earlier than previously thought. The discovery of certain hunting tools along the Yana River in central Siberia has added at least another 15,000 years to the previous date. Human occupation of this area could now go as far back as 30,000 years ago.
The mass media play an important part in our lives. Newspapers, radio and especially TV inform us of what is going on in this world and give us wonderful possibilities for education and entertainment. They also influence the way we see the world and shape our views.
Of course, not all newspapers and TV programs report the events objectively, but serious journalists and TV reporters try to be fair and provide us with reliable information.
It is true that the world today is full of dramatic events and most news seems to be bad news. But people aren’t interested in ordinary events. That is why there are so many programs and articles about natural disasters, plane crashes, wars, murders and robberies. Good news doesn’t usually make headlines. Bad news does.
Some people say that journalists are given too much freedom. They often intrude on people’s private lives. They follow celebrities and print sensational stories about them which are untrue or half-true. They take photos of them in their most intimate moments. The question is — should this be allowed?