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English for everyone

London

London

London


London is the capital of Great Britain, its political, economic and commercial centre. It is one of the largest cities in the world and the largest city in Europe. Its population is about 8 million. London is one of the oldest and most interesting cities in the world.
London was founded in the first century A.D. by the Romans. They left London in the 5th century and the city was largely abandoned. By the 8th century London was again a busy trading centre, and in the llth century it became the capital of England. Edward the Confessor built a palace and an abbey at Westminster. The Norman period saw the construction of the Tower, old St. Paul’s Cathedral and many churches and monasteries.
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Great Britain

Great Britain

Great Britain


The official name of the country is the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It is situated on the British Isles off the northwest coast of Europe. The British Isles consist of two large islands: Great Britain and Ireland, and about five thousand small islands. Their total area is over 244.000 square kilometres. They are separated from the continent by the English Channel and the Straits of Dover. The west coast of the country is washed by the Atlantic Ocean and the Irish Sea; the east coast is washed by the North Sea.
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Education

Education

Education


It is widely known that education helps to form the personality and prepares one for life. That is why all countries consider the system of education a very important part of national politics.
It Russia, everyone has the right to receive education guaranteed by the Constitution.
This right is realized by the broad development of compulsory secondary education, vocational, specialised secondary and higher education and also by the development of a system of scholarships, grants, evening and correspondence courses. In Russia there is nine-year compulsory education, but to enter a university one has to study two years more. School starts at the age of six for Russian children. But most of them have learned letters in kindergarden which is now part of primary school. Primary and secondary schools together comprise eleven years of study. Every school has a «core curriculum» of Russian, Mathematics, Science, Physical Education. A variety of elective subjects are taught at lyceums and gymnasiums.
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My flat

My flat

My flat


We have a flat in a new block of flats. It is a nine-storeyed building in Gorky Street. In front of our building there is a little park. Children from our block like to spend their time there.
Our flat is on the fifth floor. It is very comfortable and well planned. We have all modern conveniences, such as central heating, electricity, gas, hot and cold running water and a telephone. There is a lift in our building.
There are three rooms in the flat: a living room and two bedrooms. There is a kitchen, a bathroom, a hall and a balcony.
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Shopping

Shopping

Shopping


When we want to buy something we go to a shop. There are many kinds of shops in every town and city. We go to a baker’s for bread and to a butcher’s for meat. Sugar, tea, coffee, salt, cheese and so on are sold at a grocer’s. We go to a greengrocer’s for vegetables.
Cakes and sweets are sold at a confectioner’s. But now most food-shops in St.Petersburg have several departments and they sell all kinds of food including meat, vegetables, fruit, sausages and drinks. Nowadays there are supermarkets in every district of St.Petersburg with an even bigger variety of sections and foods. You go in at the front door, take a basket or a cart and in half an hour you go out at another door with everything you need for a week or at least a few days. This new way of selling and buying came to Russia from the West. You pay only once — on leaving the supermarket. The cashiers add up the prices quickly on their electrical cash machines and there are no queues.
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Museums in St. Petersburg

Museums Petersburg
Museums in St. Petersburg
Saint Petersburg is often called «the cultural capital of Russia. Many of Russia’s finest museums are situated here. The Hermitage, for example, is one of the world’s greatest and most famous museums. It houses over two and a half million works of art. The best works of art from Russia and Europe are displayed in the five buildings and over 350 rooms that make up the Hermitage. If you were to look at each work of art in the Hermitage for 1 minute it would take you 11 years (8 hours a day) to view the entire collection. The main building of the Hermitage is the Winter Palace on Palace Square with the main entrance facing the Neva.
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Traveling

Traveling

Traveling


The scientific and technological progress of the 20th century has allowed people to overcome time and distance, to cover in the twinkling of an eye the vast expanse of our planet. The whole world is open now. The limitations of former times have ceased to exist.
Modern life is impossible without travelling. To begin with most of us in big cities travel every day to our schools, offices and factories. For some people it is quite a trek to get from home to work. They go by underground, they change to a bus or they take a taxi. From time to time we have to go to another city or country on business. Then after a year’s work people go on holiday and they do not like to spend it at home.
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